Application for citizenship is submitted at your local Household Registration Office. You will first need to meet the residence requirement, prove your language ability, clean criminal record and proof of funds. With this you will be able to initiate the citizenship applicaiton process and if successful will be issued a Certificate of R.O.C. Naturalization Candidature.
You then have one year to renounce your original citizenship and provide certified and formal proof of this (or certified and formal proof it is impossible) to the Household Registration Office.
Once approved, you will receive a Certificate of Naturalisation. You are Taiwanese at this point, but do not yet have residency rights or ‘citizen’ status. You will first apply for a Taiwan Area Residence Certificate (TARC) that functions similar to an ARC and then live in Taiwan for an additional:
After this time is completed, you may apply for Household Registration, claim your ID card and full ‘citizen’ status.
In general, you must be resident in Taiwan for more than 183 days a year for at least five continuous years, or three if you are married to a Taiwanese citizen. You do not need to hold permanent residence (APRC), but this does waive certain requirements, as does spending more than 10 consecutive years resident in Taiwan.
It is crucial that:
You may apply at the National Immigration Agency for a “Certificate of Residence” that will provide the necessary details for your application.
You must prove a basic level of Chinese language ability in order to qualify for naturalization. You have two options: take a test, or study a certain number of hours in a recognised school.
The test can be of multiple choice written form in Mandarin or in oral form in Mandardin, Taiwanese, Hakka or an indigenous language. Either option is 20 questions, selected at random from a pre-defined pool of around 200. You must score:
Information about the test, including the bank of potential questions, is found on the Department of Household Registration website.
The alternative is to study a certain number of hours in a government recognised school and present a certificate to validate your attendance. You need:
If you already have Permanent Residence (APRC) in Taiwan, you are exempt from proving your personal finances. For everyone else, you must gather documents such as tax records, pay slips and bank statements that show you have one of:
If you are married to a Taiwanese national or have Taiwanese children, requirements are lower.
You must have a clean criminal record in both your existing country of citizenship and Taiwan.
You must apply for a criminal record check in your existing country of citizenship and:
Once your criminal record is issued by your existing country of citizenship, you cannot leave Taiwan, otherwise it will be deemed invalid.
In most cases, you must pass a health check in Taiwan. Allow for up to two weeks to receive the results.
You can ask your local Household Registration Office for their recommended hospital, or check the list of designated hospitals.
Large hospitals in city centers are likely to have a dedicated health check area that is accustomed to performing the requisite tests for residence. Many hospitals only offer the service at specific times or require appointments, so calling ahead to check is recommended.
A specific form is required to be filled out and covers up to five examinations depending on your passport country. The CDC website has details of the required tests.